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有很多方法可以为 SWR 预请求数据。对于顶级请求,强烈推荐 rel="preload"

<link rel="preload" href="/api/data" as="fetch" crossorigin="anonymous">

只需把它放在HTML的 <head> 里即可。简单、快速、原生。

它将在 HTML 加载时预请求数据,甚至是在 JavaScript 开始下载之前。使用相同 URL 的所有传入 fetch 请求都将重用结果(当然包括SWR)。


SWR provides the preload API to prefetch the resources programmatically and store the results in the cache. preload accepts key and fetcher as the arguments.

You can call preload even outside of React.

import { useState } from 'react'
import useSWR, { preload } from 'swr'

const fetcher = (url) => fetch(url).then((res) => res.json())

// Preload the resource before rendering the User component below,
// this prevents potential waterfalls in your application.
// You can also start preloading when hovering the button or link, too.
preload('/api/user', fetcher)

function User() {
  const { data } = useSWR('/api/user', fetcher)

export default function App() {
  const [show, setShow] = useState(false)
  return (
      <button onClick={() => setShow(true)}>Show User</button>
      {show ? <User /> : null}

Within React rendering tree, preload is also available to use in event handlers or effects.

function App({ userId }) {
  const [show, setShow] = useState(false)

  // preload in effects
  useEffect(() => {
    preload('/api/user?id=' + userId, fetcher)
  }, [userId])

  return (
        onClick={() => setShow(true)}
        {/* preload in event callbacks */}
        onHover={() => preload('/api/user?id=' + userId, fetcher)}
        Show User
      {show ? <User /> : null}

配合 Next.js 的 页面预加载,你将能立即加载下一页和数据。

In Suspense mode, you should utilize preload to avoid waterfall problems.

import useSWR, { preload } from 'swr'

// should call before rendering
preload('/api/user', fetcher);
preload('/api/movies', fetcher);

const Page = () => {
  // The below useSWR hooks will suspend the rendering, but the requests to `/api/user` and `/api/movies` have started by `preload` already,
  // so the waterfall problem doesn't happen.
  const { data: user } = useSWR('/api/user', fetcher, { suspense: true });
  const { data: movies } = useSWR('/api/movies', fetcher, { suspense: true });
  return (
      <User user={user} />
      <Movies movies={movies} />


如果你想在 SWR 缓存中预填充已经存在的数据,你可以使用 fallbackData 选项,例如:

useSWR('/api/data', fetcher, { fallbackData: prefetchedData })

当 SWR 还没有获取此次数据的时候, 这个 hook 将返回 prefetchedData 作为 fallback 。

你也可以为所有的 SWR hooks 和不同的 key 配置 <SWRConfig> 和它的 fallback 选项。 查看 Next.js SSG 和 SSR 了解更多详细信息。